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Blue helmets in Congo

In what has been described as Africa's world war, three million people died in the civil war in the Democratic Republic of Congo between 1998 and 2003. Following the signing of a peace treaty and formation of a transitional government last year, a contingent of 10,000 UN troops was dispatched to help rebuild the country. The UN mission in Congo (MONUC) is a 'Chapter 7' mission, which means it is not a peacekeeping, but a peace-enforcing mission. Rules of military engagement and use of armed force by the blue helmets are relatively flexible.

Teun Voeten reports from Bunia, which saw heavy fighting between the Hema and Lendu tribes in 2003. Aside from sporadic outbreaks of violence, the UN presence has meant that the town has been relatively quiet in recent months.
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