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Rubbish Dump 2.0

Move to trash. It's an operation we perform every day on our computer desktops. But what happens when the virtual becomes real? Where do our computers go when they die?

The suburb of Agbogbloshie in Ghana's capital, Accra, has in recent years become a dumping ground for computers and electronic waste from Europe and the United States. Hundreds of tons of e-waste end up here every month as countries in the north attempt to unload their ever increasing stockpiles of toxic junk. Of the 20 to 50 million tons of electronics discarded each year 70% will end up in poor nations, and in the European Union alone 6.6 million tons of e-waste are unaccounted for every year. Increasingly this e-waste is finding its way to West African countries like Ghana, Nigeria and Ivory Coast. Traders bypass international laws by labelling the equipment as second-hand goods or charity donations, but in reality as much as 80% of the computers sent to Ghana are broken or obsolete. Their final resting place is Agbogbloshie dump where they are broken apart, mostly by children, to salvage the copper, hard drives and other components that can be sold on.

The disposal of electronic goods in the north is a costly affair subject to strict environmental laws, but in places like Ghana there are no such regulations. Toxic metals like lead, beryllium, cadmium and mercury are released in dangerous quantities. The damage to human health and the environment caused by this new digital divide is documented in a report issued by Greenpeace.
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