27 year old Safia Omar, a single mother of three, fled the war in Somalia after her parents were killed and has lived in Yemen since 2005 where she has been unable to find work. Yemen has an unemployment rate of around 35% and is the poorest country in the Middle East. The United Nations Refugee Agency (UNHCR) has raised concerns over the record numbers of Ethiopians and Somalis flocking to Yemen, despite the deteriorating security situation there. In 2011 103,000 migrants crossed the Gulf of Aden and Red Sea. Most arrive dehydrated and malnourished and face physical and sexual attacks. They are regularly robbed and attacked by smugglers and traffickers.