A jaguar rests on the banks of the Paraguay River amidst vegetation burned by wildfires. The Paraguay River is the source of the majority of the Pantanal's water. However, the water quality has been suffering a process of degradation, mainly in the region of its headwaters, due to deforestation and destruction of its springs.
Since the beginning of 2020, the Pantanal has been facing the largest destruction by burning in its history. From January to September, fires burned 3,977,000 hectares of the Pantanal, which corresponds to 26.5% of the entire biome, killing a vast amount of the region's wildlife.