The mother and sister of Adjutant Marin Saleh Ahmad of the Syrian army comfort each other at his funeral in Damascus. He was shot in the chest by a sniper in the eastern suburbs of the city.Protests against the ruling Baathist regime of Bashar al-Assad erupted in March 2011. Although they were initially peaceful, they were violently repressed by the Syrian army and police. In response to being ordered to shoot unarmed civilians, large numbers of men deserted the army and formed the Free Syrian Army. The protest movement has now turned into an armed uprising with clashes between the regular army and the Free Syrian Army taking place in early 2012.