A Batwa (pygmy) woman smokes a pipe outside a church-built shelter where members of the Batwa live in abject poverty. Until 1992 the Batwa people lived in the forests of Western Uganda but they had to make way for the mountain gorillas and the tourism that has since developed in the parks. The pygmies have had to give up their existence as hunters/gatherers in the rainforest and devote themselves to agriculture, or live as day labourers in villages or fringes of small towns. This transition has also brought them into contact with alcohol and drugs, which has become a major problem for the pygmies. When the pygmies were expelled from the forest by the Ugandan government, various religious movements have seen it as their task to convert them to Christianity.