A Chinese lattern hangs from a wall at the Chinese-owned NFCA (Non-Ferrous Company Africa) headquarters at the Chambishi copper mine. A newly built mine shaft winding tower is in the background. The NFCA owns and operates several mines and plants in the Copperbelt. The Chinese mother company CNMC (China Nonferrous Metal Mining Co.) has been called a pioneer among Chinese enterprises to implement the 'going abroad' strategy: to carry out international investments and cooperation in order to develop mineral resources and mining industry overseas. Many Chinese companies are involved in construction, agriculture, manufacturing and retail, but the bulk, nearly 90% of Sino-Zambian investment, is in the country's mining sector.