A dead hoopoe retrieved by Spring Watch Malta from Attard on 20 April 2012 is held in a plastic bag at Bird Life Malta's office. It was diagnosed with missing primaries as well as an injury to the wing consistent with gunshot. Under EU leglislation, hunting or trapping birds in spring is illegal but the government of Malta, which joined the EU in 2004, allows hunting of turtle dove and quail at this time of year. Some 170 species of bird pass over Malta during the spring and autumn migration periods. Hunters regularly shoot other species including birds of prey which are stuffed for private collection. Spring Watch Malta is a conservation camp run by BirdLife Malta, a non-profit which lobbies against bird hunting in the country. In 2012, fifty volunteers from across Europe converged on a tourist hotel in Bugibba in northern Malta and fanned out to track migrating birds and monitor any illegal spring hunting by the 11,000 permitted hunters.