Samuel Aranda

Malaga, Andalusia, Spain

A woman walks through the grounds of Malaga's San Rafael Cemetery where archaeologists have unearthed a mass grave containing 4,471 people murdered by right-wing firing squads during and immediately following the Spanish Civil War. 2,840 bodies have been exhumed while, in a bizarre twist, at some point during the 1940s or 1950s the remainder are thought to have been taken to be buried in the fascist's own memorial, The Valley of the Fallen. In July 1936 Francisco Franco led an uprising against the democratically elected government. An estimated 500,000 people died in the three years of war that followed and a further 88,000 to 130,000 people were murdered during the subsequent four decades of fascist dictatorship. Now various groups, led by The Association for the Recovery of Historical Memory (ARMH), are campaigning to investigate the atrocities from the war and the dictatorship. However, under an amnesty law passed in 1977 investigation or prosecution of Franco-era human rights crimes are blocked and the courts are preventing attempts to identify remains or prosecute any living person responsible. Human rights groups are seeking to force the government to authorise a thorough investigation. Conversely, many feel that this will only open old wounds and that the best course of action is to forget. However, given that about 30,000 babies were 'stolen' from their murdered or imprisoned parents the issue is still a live one for those families who want to know where the infants were taken.

Object Name
Samuel Aranda
Malaga, Andalusia
Not available in Spain.
Max size
High Resolution
4256 x 2832 pixels
36.03 x 23.98 cm (300 dpi)
14.19 x 9.44 inch (300 dpi)
2.7 MB size on disk
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