A worker praying at the newly built Arc de Triomphe in Egypt's New Administrative Capital. Following persistent problems of overpopulation, pollution and traffic congestion, the construction of a giant new satellite city in the desert east of Cairo started in 2015. The New Administrative Capital (NAC) is part of President al-Sisi's Egypt Vision 2030, a long-term plan to develop Egypt. The future population of the NAC is estimated at six million. Critics predict a growing socio-economic gap between the New Capital and old Cairo, left to its own devices. Instead of solving existing problems, Egypt Vision 2030 seems to be a prestigious political project aimed at the expansion of the power apparatus, surveillance and global leadership.