An African penguin shields her chick with her wing at the Stony Point colony. Due to the plethora of convergent threats posed by the modern world, barely one in three chicks survives to adulthood. In the last century, most penguins nested in deep burrows dug out of guano, but since the guano was stripped away by humans for fertiliser, the birds have had to nest in more exposed locations, making them more vulnerable to predation and climate extremes.

Object Name
Aurelie Marrier d'Unienville & T. Trenchard/Panos
Betty's Bay
South Africa
Max size
High Resolution
5000 x 3334 pixels
42.33 x 28.23 cm (300 dpi)
16.67 x 11.11 inch (300 dpi)
4.6 MB size on disk
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