Atlantic Bluefin Tuna (Thunnus thynnus), FMNH no. 43993. Conservation status: endangered. This tuna species is a highly regarded for food, especially in Japan. This species has seen declines in range and catch of over 50% since the 1960's. The International Commission for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas (ICCAT) was formed in 1966 to be responsible for the conservation of tuna in the Atlantic Ocean and adjacent seas. Since 1998, catch limits have been in place for the Atlantic bluefin tuna in the eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean, but until 2006, it is likely that these limits were not respected and were largely ineffective. Catches are frequently under-reported. The species is being fished beyond maximum sustainable yield to the point of collapse of certain stocks and is not recovering under current management schemes.''As biologists describe new species and add to our understanding of the interrelated nature of life on Earth, a species becomes extinct every 20 minutes (100 to 1000 times the background extinction rate as seen in the fossil record). Collections in natural history museums play important roles in conservation, education and research. Most of that work and the associated specimens are not on public display in museums - typically, less than five percent of specimens are exhibited.