Nyani Quarmyne/Panos Pictures

Bassila, Donga Province, Benin

Boards being trimmed at a workshop belonging to Ali 'Baba' Biao. Biao says he purchases wood only from permitted sources. Nonetheless government-approved timber forests are often planted at the expense of natural forests, and there is a great deal of illicit wood harvesting.

Interestingly, Biao is also the instigator of efforts to preserve and protect a small sacred forest in the nearby village of Kikele, from which he hails. The forest is home to approximately 30 white-thighed colobus monkeys (Colobus vellerosus), one of the last remaining populations of the critically endangered primate, of which only 1500 are believed to exist in the wild.

The people of Kikele believe they are spiritually linked to the monkeys, a relationship said to date to times when the monkeys' cries would alert villagers to the presence of slave raiders, and thus hold the monkeys as sacred. Despite this, the forest was allowed to dwindle to only 13.4ha, encircled by human settlements and agricultural land. The situation is illustrative of the widespread reality that burgeoning population growth continues to result in the alarming loss of forests and the biodiversity they support.

In Kikele the forest and monkeys are now being actively protected. However, at present the monkeys are effectively both protected and condemned - there is no room for their population to expand, and villagers will not countenance some of the monkeys being moved to seed populations in other more viable forest tracts because of the spiritual bond that they believe exists. Ali 'Baba' Biao, a local who instigated moves to protect what remains of the forest, hopes that it will be possible to purchase and reforest an additional 30ha tract of agricultural land, but at present no funds for this are available.

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Object Name
Nyani Quarmyne/Panos Pictures
Bassila, Donga Province
Max size
High Resolution
5000 x 3333 pixels
42.33 x 28.22 cm (300 dpi)
16.67 x 11.11 inch (300 dpi)
5.1 MB size on disk
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