Coelocanth (Latimeria chalumnae). Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago. FMNH no. 76057 and/or 97106 (scales from 2 individuals in one fluid vat). Conservation status: critically endangered. The Coelocanth is famous as a 'living fossil'. Thought to be extinct, it was 'discovered' in 1938 in a trawling net near Capetown, South Africa. Little is known of its life cycle and ecology because it lives at such great depths in the Indo-West Pacific Ocean. Based on the diminishing frequency of coelocanths caught accidentally, it is assumed that the population has been declining dramatically since the 1990s.