Vehicles on the Federal Highway in Kuala Lumpur. Kuala Lumpur, originally the state capital of Selangor, became the national capital of the Federation of Malaya (and later Malaysia) in 1948. Since independence in 1957, the federal as well as the Selangor state ruling party had been the Alliance Party, later known as Barisan Nasional. However, in the 1969 elections the Alliance Party, while retaining control of the federal government, lost its majority in Selangor to the opposition. The same election also resulted in a major race riot in Kuala Lumpur. Two years later, a resolution was reached to separate Kuala Lumpur from the state and place it under federal rule. On February 1, 1974, Kuala Lumpur became the first federal territory of Malaysia.